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Marxism and It’s Relevance in the 21st Century

The tradition of Marxist thought has provided the most powerful critique of capitalist institutions and ethics ever conducted. Its founder, Karl Heinrich Marx (1818–1883), was a German political, economic, and philosophical theorist and revolutionist. The influence of Marx’s ideas on modern world history has been vast. Until the collapse in 1991 of the communist systems … Continue reading Marxism and It’s Relevance in the 21st Century

Manto, The Short Story Writer Who Chronicled India’s Partition

Saadat Hasan Manto (1912–1955), one of the greatest storytellers of the 20th century that South Asia has produced. Writing mainly in the Urdu language, he produced 22 collections of short stories, a novel, five series of radio plays, three collections of essays and two collections of personal sketches. His best short stories are held in high … Continue reading Manto, The Short Story Writer Who Chronicled India’s Partition

Three Psychic Zones as Propounded by Sigmund Freud

SIGMUND FREUD MAY JUSTLY BE called the most influentialintellectual legislator of his age. It was he who revolutionizedconventional thought and discovered the new method of treatment, which is called the psychoanalysis. Originally he was the medical man and engaged his mind in the study of treatment of nervous patients in his own clinic. He found … Continue reading Three Psychic Zones as Propounded by Sigmund Freud

A Critical Analysis of Literary Characteristics of Indian Writing in English and K. R. S. Iyengar’s Classification in Three Phrases

Introduction English education was introduced in India in the 19th century. English education was made available to vast Indian community. By introducing English education, Britishers wanted to create and maintain a class of administration officers, clerks, and civil servants to govern this huge country properly. Thus, Britishers had their selfish motives behind introducing English to the Indians. Let us see carefully the key sentences in Macaulay’s Minutes:  “It is impossible for us, with our limited means, to attempt                 … Continue reading A Critical Analysis of Literary Characteristics of Indian Writing in English and K. R. S. Iyengar’s Classification in Three Phrases

The Complexities of relationships between Jimmy, Alison and Helena in the Play “Look Back in Anger”

John Osborne’s Look Back in Anger is a play of complex relationships, dealt with a wide range of subjects – social, political, religious and literary, including class snobbery, intellectual snobbery and the power of the US. But these public issues gradually recede into the background and the play becomes a domestic drama of sexual relationships. And the most powerful impression of the play is that of its undaunted scathing misogyny and sexism – … Continue reading The Complexities of relationships between Jimmy, Alison and Helena in the Play “Look Back in Anger”

The Salient Features of Restoration Drama and Sentimental Comedy

1. Introduction The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden. Dryden was the representative writer of this period. The restoration of King Charles II in 1660 marks the beginning of a new era both in the life and the literature of England.  2. Restoration Drama The theatres … Continue reading The Salient Features of Restoration Drama and Sentimental Comedy

The Impact of Gandhian Thought and Philosophy on the Theme of the Novel “Kanthapura”

In ‘Kanthapura’, Raja Rao gives microscopic picture of the Indian Freedom Movement during 1930s. The impact of Gandhian thought on the village of India itself is the theme of this novel. Mahatma Gandhi had converted the entire country into a body of non-violent freedom fighters. Raja Rao prefers to deal with him through a local … Continue reading The Impact of Gandhian Thought and Philosophy on the Theme of the Novel “Kanthapura”

On the Characterisation in Mulk Raj Anand’s Novel “Untouchable”

Characterisation means the creation of imaginary persons so that they seem life-like. Through characterisation an author gives life and meaning to his characters. All characters of Mulk Raj Anand’s novels are remarkable for intimate touches of fidelity to life and intense realism. He has written about the suffering and tragedy of the downtrodden and the … Continue reading On the Characterisation in Mulk Raj Anand’s Novel “Untouchable”

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